In order to simplify certain procedures under IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards Agreements (CSA) for States that have little or no nuclear material and no nuclear material in a facility, the IAEA began making available, in 1971, a ‘Small Quantities Protocol’ (SQP), which held in abeyance the implementation of most of the detailed provisions of CSAs until such time as the quantities of nuclear material in a State exceeded certain limits or the State had nuclear material in a facility.
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Robertson, Kalman A., Jaime Vidaurre-Henry, and Mizuki Hirai. The Capacity-Building Support Needs of States with Small Quantities Protocols. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). July 2017. INMM 58th Annual Meeting.