During 2017 and 2018, the Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) conducted a survey on the training needs of States with Small Quantities Protocols (SQPs) to their safeguards agreements. The ISCN administered this survey (referred to here as the "SQP Survey") with the assistance of the Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office (ASNO), pursuant to an Action Item for APSN Working Group 2 (Capacity Building) adopted during the 7th APSN Plenary Meeting in October 2016.
In 2017, the SQP Survey was sent to the small population of SQP States with member organizations or observers of the APSN. The survey aimed to facilitate a needs analysis, identify potential gaps in the provision of training, and assist training providers to coordinate their training programs to meet these needs. A preliminary report on the findings from the survey was published in September 2017. In 2018, the survey was expanded by sending the same survey form to all SQP States in the broader Asia-Pacific region (listed in Appendix 2).
This report, compiled by ASNO and the ISCN, provides a summary of all the findings and an update of the preliminary report by incorporating data from a larger number of States in the region. It compares and contrasts the training needs of SQP States with those of other States with comprehensive safeguards agreements (CSAs). It investigates the topic areas where SQP States need training, assesses the scale of those training needs, and evaluates a variety of methods for providing training. It also investigates the broader challenges that SQP States experience in connection with the modification of SQPs. The results indicate that the fulfilment of these training needs is crucial to the States’ implementation of Modified SQPs and Additional Protocols (APs), thereby demonstrating training’s contribution to the effective implementation of the international safeguards system.